Here is another interesting receipt from our treasury of old Coppes paper items. On March 24th, 1880, the sawmill of J. C. Mellinger and Company of Nappanee Ind. ordered one steam Boiler from the Chicago company of “ROCHESTER MACHINERY M’FG CO., Dealers in PORTABLE & STATIONARY ENGINES AND SAWMILLS, wood and iron working machinery, saws, belting. Etc.”
The description of the boiler is “one 35 horse power # 7 stationary tubular boiler with 2nd hand [?????] with fixtures complete with stack – including 1 – #15 Jasperator (sp) fitted to boiler. Also 1 Smoke Stack 40ft X22” + guy rods.”
This package was priced at $688.00. The company received a $25.00 discount for paying in cash. At the sale, the company paid $363.00 in cash, with a 4-month “note” for the remaining $300.00.
Note at the bottom of the receipt is marked “Paid” and signed by H. C. Wormer Treasure & Manager.
Hello and welcome to this week’s History Corner. If you have been reading my History Corners you know that we have been looking at old Coppes, Zook & Mutschler or Coppes Bros, & Zook Co. receipts. We have a treasure trove of old paper in the form of business receipts from approx. 1895 -1915. We just started sifting through the boxes, so who knows what we will find! Stay tuned, as they say, when people want you to follow along.
“All Kinds of Horse Goods”
This week I’m talking about the Shively Bros. store of Nappanee, Indiana. Their different billheads advertise “HEAVY AND LIGHT HARNESS, HORSE FURNISHING GOODS,” also “manufacturers of HARNESS, And Dealers in ROBES, BLANKETS, -Whips and All Kinds of Horse Goods.” In other words, anything you may need or want for your horse. Around 1896 the Shively Brothers, John F. Shively and Ulery J. Shively took over the Shively and Rusher Company. (M. H. Shively & W. H. Rusher) That earlier company was “dealers in HARDWARE, STOVES, TINWARE, and BUILDERS SUPPLIES. TIN ROOFING A SPECIALTY.” In Jan. 1896, the Shively & Rusher Co. repaired Daniel Zook’s roof at a cost of $.35.
The June 1905 Industrial Nappanee paper, which was printed in Nappanee by the Nappanee News, has a full-page article on the Shively Bros. Company. A picture of the storefront and an interior picture are reprinted here.
C&Z Teamsters and the Shively Bros.
Do you think the Coppes Bros. & Zook Co. and the Coppes, Zook & Mutschler Co. would have a need to do business with the Shively Bros.? You can bet your bottom dollar they did. Not only did the principal members of the companies have their personal horse harness repaired and horses’ health cared for at the Shively Bros., we also have learned that the company’s teamsters shopped at the Shively Bros. store. Finding the names of the group of men that had to be the company teamsters made my week. The names of the men changed a little over the six years that we found receipts between the Coppes Companies and the Shively Bros. I’m going to list the names of the men below.
First I want to explain how I think the system worked. I think starting in 1898, each Teamster had charge of maintaining his team and wagon, looking after the horse’s well fair, keeping them in tip-top condition, for doing the hard work of pulling heavy wagons filled with logs to the sawmill. When a teamster needed a “harness repair” piece or “gall cure” for their horse, each teamster went to the Shively Bros. and completed the purchase without prior approval, charging the cost of the item to the company. The Shively Bros. recorded each transaction on the individual teamster’s record. At the end of each six months, the receipts were submitted and paid by the company. This way the company could tell which teamster was costing the company more money, possibly by being careless with his team and which teamster was more careful of his charge.
Here are the names of the teamsters, sorry if I got the
spelling wrong. They didn’t care about first names
Welcome to this week’s Bill’s History Corner. I think it is interesting when we find information of the personal nature about the principal members of the Coppes, Zook or Mutschler Families. We literally have thousands of old business receipts from the company in the first part of the 20th century (1903-1920). Don’t know how it could have happened, but several boxes of receipts were misplaced or lost until we discovered them while digging in the factory’s junk. What a find, and are we grateful, obviously. Most of the business receipts were destroyed or we would have found other hordes of receipts. Stay tuned. Who knows what we will find.
The business receipt I want to talk about today is an item that was purchased for H. (Harold) Coppes while he was in college in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Likely the class he was taking was a drafting or engineering class. Harold must have needed some drawing tools for the work in the class, so they/he ordered a set of drawing instruments (No. 625) from the Keuffel & Esser Co., Chicago, ILL. This was a very large company that imported or manufactured a wide range of tools like drawing instruments. The set of instruments that were ordered was priced at $37.00 but there was a 20 % discount given. Likely that discount is the reason the drawing set was ordered through the company rather than just H. Coppes, as an individual. So, Harold saved $7.40 in the transaction by purchasing a top of the line drawing set. Below is a scan of the Nov. 7, 1907 receipt.
Did he need such a high-end drawing set to do the work in the class, or could he have been just as well off with a less expensive set? We will never know the answer to that question. What we do know is that later in 1916 Harold was the motivation behind a patent application for a flour bin used in a Coppes Napanee kitchenet. How many of the skills that Harold Coppes demonstrated later in his life did he learn by using that drawing set purchased in 1907? I have scanned a page from a K & E catalog showing a Number 625 drawing set (below). We could speculate all day about things like this- makes history interesting.
Here is a Mar. 27th, 1906 receipt from the “THE EVENING NEWS CO. GRAND RAPIDS, MICH.” In which they are wanting payment [from Coppes, Zook & Mutschler Co.] for placing an advertisement in their paper. The ad. read “Wanted – A spindle carver, thoroughly competent and responsible; steady work; state experience and wages expected. Coppes, Zork (sp) & Neutschler (sp) Co., Nappanee, Ind.
This ad. appeared six times in their paper and cost $1.32. The company wanted an experienced workman to operate a “spindle carver” machine. Was this a new machine in the C, Z & M Co. operations? Likely, the company did not have anyone experienced with this machine and decided to look in the “furniture capital of the world” for an experienced workman that the company would then try to lure away from his job to a new town. Wonder what the rubber stamp “PLEASE DO NOT REMIT IN STAMPS.” Is about? Have enough people tried to pay their accounts with stamps (postage?) that they needed to make and use a rubber stamp.
I’m guessing that most of today’s readers have never heard of this Nappanee Business. I know that I didn’t before we found this piece of paper. The YOUNG & WIDMOYER, DEALERS IN Fresh and Salted Meats, Sausages, Etc. was a butchering concern, supplying fresh and salted meats to the citizens of Nappanee.
On Nov. 8th the Coppes, Zook & Mutschler Co. purchased “Tallow for Fcty (factory) a @ $1.25”.
This receipt does not tell the amount of “Tallow” in this purchase, but my guess is a large amount, an amount as large as a barrel full of “Tallow”. My Dictionary says that tallow is animal fat, the hard-white fat rendered (to extract by heating), usually from cattle or sheep tissues and used especially in soap or lubricants.
I doubt that C, Z & M Co. was making soap, so using the tallow for a Lubricant is the logical conclusion. Line shaft bearings and machine bearings are some of the possible uses for tallow.